Map State The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1838/4
The South Eastern Portion of Australia: compiled from the Colonial surveys and from details furnished by exploratory expeditions by John Arrowsmith. [Pl.] 35.
Scale 1:2 660 000. S 26° 30'--S 38° 30'/E 136° 30'--E 153° 40'. London, Pubd. 2d. Aug.1838 by John Arrowsmith, 10 Soho Square.
1 map : col. ; 51.5 x 62.0 cm.
Insets: Top left. [Australia]. -- Table below title: Route of travellers into the interior. -- Counties.
A three line note detailing dimensions and symbol for the Australian Agricultural Company's land holdings is placed above the list of Counties.
Untitled map of Australia
NEW SOUTH WALES, SOUTH AUSTRALIA
New South Wales / South Australia
AUSTRALIA FELIX, NEW ENGLAND
Lists the nineteen counties of New South Wales in a numbered table.
TABLE: EXPLORERS' ROUTES
Routes of travellers into the interior.
Lists with area traversed the journeys of [John] Oxley in 1817 and 1818; [Hamilton] Hume 1824; Allan Cunningham in 1825, 1827, 1828-9; [Charles] Sturt in 1828 and 1830; [Thomas Livingstone] Mitchell in 1832, 1835 and 1836, and [Richard] Bourke in 1837.
Not in Tooley
New South Wales
In the 1838/1 state of the map knowledge of the River Darling has been progressed by two of Mitchell's expeditions, the first down the Darling from Bathurst in July 1835 and the second up the Darling from its junction with the Murray River in May 1836 'Major Mitchell's farthest N May 1836'. A noticeable development of the tributary system of the Darling is appearing. The Bogan R. is shown west of the Macquarie and Dixon's farthest in 1833 (Robert Dixon). Also shown here is a note Mr Cunningham killed by aboriginals hereabout. This refers to Richard Cunningham's death just west of the Bogan, which occurred about 15 April 1835] (Parsons, 1966, p.269)
The previous un-named section of the Great Dividing Range in northern NSW has been removed. The Moneroo or Brisbane Downs of the last state of the 'Discoveries' map is now shown as Moneroo Plains.
In the 1838/3 state of the map in the area north of the Apsley R. several place names appear, viz. Myall Cr., Dangar's, Cobb's, Russell's and the Big River.[Clarence]
This 1838/4 state shows for the first time the NEW ENGLAND area north of the Apsley River in New South Wales with sections of the Clarence River here named "Big River". The name New England was first used in 1836.
In the 1838/1 state of the map there is a steadily growing knowledge of the westward flowing river systems emanating from the Australian Alps., viz. the Goulburn, Murray (supposed course), Ovens, Currojalinga or Swampy River, the R. Bayungun and several as yet un-named streams. The supposed source of the R. Murray is now shown as Lake Omio hereabouts on the eastern flank of the Australian Alps. As stated at the beginning of this description, Mitchell's AUSTRALIA FELIX.
In the 1838/2 state of the map Hume's route from the Murrumbidgee to Port Phillip is shown but in much greater detail than the version shown on the last state of the 'Discoveries' map. All the associated topographical information appears including the naming of the Murray River in its upper reaches as R. Murray or Hume. The font size and weight used is significant, indicating lesser importance for the second name. Additional river names are the King R., the Hovell, Goulburn or Bayungun R. and the R. Murray (Millewa).
The note above the junction of the Murray and Darling Rivers has been amended to read Major Mitchell's farthest N 2 June 1836.
No further changes in this state of the map.
In state1838/1 of the map in South Australia the eastern coast of the Gulf of St. Vincent shows many new names including Adelaide. Mt Lofty reappears. There are more names on Kangaroo Island. The extensive notes along the lower Murray River have been removed and similarly along the river Murrumbidgee. A three line note on Charles Sturt's navigation down the Murray appears at the junction with the Murrumbidgee.
No further changes in this state of the map.
Changes AND ADDITIONS
The imprint date is unchanged.
NEW ENGLAND appears in New South Wales north of the Apsley R. In the region of the Clarence River (Appleton, 1992, p.218). The first use of this name was in 1836.
- 1817 - 1838
- Situation date
- 2 August 1838
- Map Publication Date
The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1838/1
The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1838/2
The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1838/3
The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1838/4
The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1838/5 (1857)
The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1841/1
The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1842/1
The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1844/1 (1842/2)
The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1848/1
The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1852/1
The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1853/1
The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1860/1 (1858/1)
Institutional and Other Holdings
National Library of Australia Map Collection
- The South Eastern portion of Australia [cartographic material] / compiled from the Colonial surveys, and from details furnished by exploratory expeditions by John Arrowsmith, 1838, MAP T 96; National Library of Australia Map Collection. Details
- The South Eastern portion of Australia [cartographic material] / compiled from the Colonial surveys, and from details furnished by exploratory expeditions by John Arrowsmith, MAP NK 2456/105; National Library of Australia Map Collection. Details
- Appleton, Richard and Appleton, Barbara, The Cambridge dictionary of Australian places, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1992, 356 pp. Details
- Tooley, Ronald Vere, The mapping of Australia and Antarctica, Holland Press, London, 1985, 649 pp. Details
- Parsons, Vivienne, 'Cunningham, Richard (1793 - 1835?)', in Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 1, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1966, pp. 268-269. http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/cunningham-richard-1943. Details
- The South Eastern Portion of Australia, 1838/4
- National Library of Australia Map Collection
Dorothy F. Prescott
Created: 13 September 2010, Last modified: 3 July 2012